Reference: S. Remond, D.P. Bentz and P. Pimienta, Cement and Concrete Research 32 (4), 565-576 (2002).
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Effects of the incorporation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration fly ash in cement pastes and mortars II: Modeling

S. Rémond(1) (2), D.P. Bentz(3), P. Pimienta(1),

1,2 CSTB, 84 avenue Jean Jaurès, Champs sur Marne, 77421 Marne la Vallée cedex 2, France
2ENS de Cachan, 61 avenue du Président Wilson, 94235 Cachan Cedex, France
3BFRL NIST, Gaithersburg MD 20899, USA



This work falls within the scope of the general problem of the assessment of concretes manufactured from waste materials. The main objective is to study the long-term evolution of these materials during the leaching process, using the cellular automata based hydration model developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The work is based on the analysis of mortars and cement pastes containing an experimental waste: Municipal Solid Waste Incineration fly ash (MSWI fly ash). After having determined the mineralogical composition of the MSWI fly ash and its interactions with cement during hydration, presented previously as Part I, the phases comprising the fly ash have been incorporated into the hydration model. The increase in porosity of cement pastes containing MSWI fly ash during the leaching process has then been simulated. This study shows in particular that the diffusion coefficient of these pastes changes in a similar way to pure cement pastes. Finally, a simplified leaching model has been developed. This model shows in particular that the increase in the diffusion coefficient in the damaged zone increases the release of calcium. However, this increase can still be simulated with a constant diffusion coefficient, with a value greater than that of the initial diffusion coefficient of the undamaged material.

Keywords: Hydation; Leaching; Microstructure; Diffusion; Transport properties

  • Introduction
  • Incorporation of MSWI fly ash in the hydration model
  • Hydration of cement in the presence of MSWI fly ash
  • Modeling of leaching
  • Taking into account the evolution of the microstructure in a simplified leaching model
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • Bibliography

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