Reference: Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Vol. 107 No. 2, 137-148, 2002.
PDF Version of Original Paper

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Dale P. Bentza 1, Symoane Mizella, Steve Satterfielda, Judith Devaneya,
William George
a, Peter Ketchama, James Grahama, James Porterfielda,
Daniel Quenard
b, Franck Valleeb, Hebert Salleeb,
Elodie Boller
c, and Jose Baruchelc

aNational Institute of Standards and Technology
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8621 USA
bCentre Scientifique et Technique du Batiment
Grenoble and Marne-la Vallee, FRANCE
c European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Grenoble, FRANCE


With advances in x-ray microtomography, it is now possible to obtain three-dimensional representations of a material's microstructure with a voxel size of less than one micrometer. The Visible Cement Data Set represents a collection of 3-D data sets obtained using the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France in September of 2000. Most of the images obtained are for hydrating portland cement pastes, with a few data sets representing hydrating Plaster of Paris and a common building brick. All of these data sets are being made available on the Visible Cement Data Set website at The website includes the raw 3-D datafiles, a description of the material imaged for each data set, example two-dimensional images and visualizations for each data set, and a collection of C language computer programs that will be of use in processing and analyzing the 3-D microstructural images. This paper provides the details of the experiments performed at the ESRF, the analysis procedures utilized in obtaining the data set files, and a few representative example images for each of the three materials investigated.

Keywords: cement hydration; image analysis; microstructure; Plaster of Paris; visualization; x-ray microtomography.


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