Internal Curing of Concrete


Bibliography

Books

Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Lund University, 2005.

Internal Curing of Concrete, RILEM Report 41, Eds. K. Kovler and O.M. Jensen, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 2007.

Internal Curing of High Performance Concretes - Laboratory and Field Experiences, ACI SP-256, Eds. D. Bentz and B. Mohr, American Concrete Institute, CD-RoM, 2008.

The Economics, Perfomance, and Sustainability of Internally Cured Concrete, ACI SP-290, Eds. A.K. Schlinder, J.G. Grygar, and W.J. Weiss, American Concrete Institute, CD-RoM, 2012.

Articles and Ph.D. Theses

Ackay, B., and Tasdemir, M.A., Effects of Distribution of Lightweight Aggregates on Internal Curing of Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, 32 (10), 611-616, 2010.

Ackay, B., and Tasdemir, M.A., Optimization of Using Lightweight Aggregates in Mitigating Autogenous Deformation of Concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 23, 353-363, 2009.

Ackay, B., and Tasdemir, M.A., Influence of Lightweight Aggregates on Internal Curing and Fracture of Concrete, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 31-40, 2006.

Ackay, B., and Tasdemir, M.A., Effects of Lightweight Aggregates on Autogenous Deformation in Concrete, in Measuring, Monitoring, and Modeling Concrete Properties, Springer Netherlands, 163-170, 2006.

Bentur, A., Igarishi, S., and Kovler, K.,Prevention of Autogenous Shrinkage in High Strength Concrete by Internal Curing Using Wet Lightweight Aggregates, Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (11) 1587-1591, 2001.

Bentur, A., Igarishi, S., and Kovler, K., Control of Autogenous Shrinkage Stresses and Cracking in High Strength Concretes, Proc. 5th International Symposium of High Strength/High Performance Concrete, Sandefjord, Norway, June 20-24, 1999, 1017-1026.

Bentur, A., and van Breugel, K., Internally Cured Concrete. Report 25: Early Age Cracking in Cementitious Systems, Report of RILEM Technical Committee 181-EAS, Edited by A. Bentur (RILEM Publications, France, 2002) 339-353.

Bentz, D.P., and Snyder, K.A., Protected Paste Volume in Concrete. Extension to Internal Curing Using Saturated Lightweight Fine Aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research, 29, 1863-1867, 1999.

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., and Snyder, K.A., A Hard Core/Soft Shell Microstructural Model for Studying Percolation and Transport in Three-Dimensional Composite Media, NISTIR 6265, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1999.

Bentz, D.P., Hansen, K.K., Madsen, H.D., Vallee, F., and Griesel, E.J., Drying/Hydration in Cement Pastes during Curing, Materials and Structures, 34, 557-565, 2000.

Bentz, D.P., and Jensen, O.M., Mitigation Strategies for Autogenous Shrinkage Cracking, Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (6), 677-685, 2004.

Bentz, D.P., Geiker, M.R., and Hansen, K.K., Shrinkage-reducing Admixtures and Early-age Desiccation in Cement Pastes and Mortars, Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (7), 1075-1085, 2001.

Bentz, D.P., Geiker, M., and Jensen, O.M., On the Mitigation of Early Age Cracking, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson and G. Fagerlund, Lund, Sweden, 195-203, 2002.

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., and Stutzman, P.E., Microstructural Modeling of Self-Desiccation during Hydration, in Proceedings of an International Research Seminar in Lund: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson and G. Fagerlund, Sweden, 1997, 132-140.

Bentz, D.P., Lura, P., and Roberts, J.W., Mixture Proportioning for Internal Curing, Concrete International, 27 (2), 35-40, 2005.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Capitalizing on Self-Desiccation for Autogenous Distribution of Chemical Admixtures, Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D.P. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 189-196, 2005.PPT presentation

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P.M., Grader, A.S., and Roberts, J.W., Water Movement during Internal Curing: Direct Observation using X-ray Microtomography, Concrete International, 28 (10), 39-45, 2006.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P.M., Grader,A.S., and Roberts, J.W., Four-dimensional X-ray Microtomography Study of Water Movement during Internal Curing, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 11-20, 2006.pdf version Powerpoint presentation

Bentz, D.P., Internal Curing of High Performance Blended Cement Mortars, ACI Materials Journal,104 (4), 408-414, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Influence of Internal Curing Using Lightweight Aggregates on Interfacial Transition Zone Percolation and Chloride Ingress in Mortars, Cement and Concrete Composites, 31, 285-289, 2009. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Internal Curing: A 2010 State-of-the-Art Review, NISTIR 7765, U.S.Department of Commerce, February 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Davis, J.M., Peltz, M.A., and Snyder, K.A., Influence of Internal Curing and Viscosity Modifiers on Resistance to Sulfate Attack, Materials and Structures, 47 (4), 581-589,2013, DOI: 10.1617/s11527-013-0081-x.

Bloem, D.L., Concrete Strength Measurement - Cores vs. Cylinders, ASTM Proceedings, 65, 668-696, 1965, Philadelphia, PA.

Browning, J., Darwin, D., Reynolds, D., and Pendergrass, B., Lightweight Aggregate as Internal Curing Agent to Limit Concrete Shrinkage, ACI Materials Journal, 108 (6), 638-644, 2011.

van Breugel, K., and de Vries, H., Mixture Optimization of Low Water/Cement Ratio, High-Strength Concretes in View of Reduction of Autogenous Shrinkage, Proceedings International Symposium on High-Performance and Reactive Powder Concretes, Eds. P.C. Aitcin and Y. Delagrave, University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, 365-382, 1998.

van Breugel, K., and de Vries, H., Mixture Optimization of HPC in View of Autogenous Shrinkage, in Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Utilization of High Strength/High Performance Concrete, Volume II, Sandefjord, Norway, 1041-1050, 1999.

van Breugel, K., and Lura, P., Effect of Initial Moisture Content and Particle Size Distribution of Lightweight Aggregates on Autogenous Deformation, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Eds. S. Helland, I. Holand, and S. Smeplass, Kristiansand, Norway, 453-462, 2000.

van Breugel, K., and de Vries, H., Potential of Mixtures with Blended Aggregates for Reducing Autogenous Deformation in Low Water/Cement Ratio Concrete, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Eds. S. Helland, I. Holand, and S. Smeplass, Kristiansand, Norway, 463-472, 2000.

van Breugel, K., Ouwerkerk, H., and de Vries, H., Effect of Mixture Composition and Size Effect on Shrinkage of High Strength Concrete, in Proceedings of International RILEM Workshop on Shrinkage of Concrete, Eds. V. Baroghel-Bouny and P.C Aitcin, Paris, 161-177, 2000.

Byard, B.E., Schindler, A.K., and Barnes, R.W., Early-Age Cracking Tendency and Ultimate Degree of Hydration of Internally Cured Concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 1025-1033, 2012.

Campbell, R.H., and Tobin, R.E., Core and Cylinder Strengths of Natural and Lightweight Concrete, ACI Journal, 64 (4), 190-195, 1967.

Castro, J., Keiser, L., Golias, M., and Weiss, J., Absorption and Desorption Properties of Fine Lightweight Aggregate for Application to Internally Cured Concrete Mixtures, Cement and Concrete Composites, 33 (10), 1001-1008, 2011.

Castro, J., de la Varga, I., and Weiss, J., Using Isothermal Calorimetry to Assess the Water Absorbed by Fine LWA during Mixing, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 996-1005, 2012.

Collins, F., and Sanjayan, J.G., Strength and Shrinkage Properties of Alkali-Activated Slag Concrete Containing Porous Coarse Aggregates, Cement and Concrete Research, 29, 607-610, 1999.

Craeye, B., and De Schutter, G., Experimental Evaluation of Mitigation of Autogenous Shrinkage by Means of a Vertical Dilatometer for Concrete, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 21-30, 2006.

Crowl, D., and Sutek, M., A Survey of High Performance Concrete Bridge Decks, Volume IV, District 12 Ohio DoT, 2002, 24 pages.

Cusson, D., Lounis, Z., and Daigle, L., Benefits of Internal Curing on Service Life and Life-Cycle Cost of High-Performance Concrete Bridge Decks - A Case Study, Cement and Concrete Composites, 32, 339-350, 2010.

Cusson, D., and Hoogeveen, T., Internally-cured High-performance Concrete Under Restrained Shrinkage and Creep, in CONCREEP 7 Workshop on Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures, Nantes, France, 579-584, 2005.

Cusson, D., Hoogeveen, T., and Mitchell, L., Restrained Shrinkage Testing of High-performance Concrete Modified with Structural Lightweight Aggregate, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Utilization of High Strength/ High Performance Concrete, Washington, D.C., 1-20, 2005.

Cusson, D., and Hoogeveen, T., Preventing Autogenous Shrinkage of HPC by Internal Curing , in S.P. Shah Symposium on Measuring, Monitoring, and Modeling Concrete Properties, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 2006, p. 83-89.

Cusson, D., Effect of Blended Cements on Effectiveness of Internal Curing in HPC, MRCC-49698, 2007.

Cusson, D., and Hoogeveen, T., Internal Curing of High-Performance Concrete with Pre-Soaked Fine Lightweight Aggregate for Prevention of Autogenous Shrinkage Cracking, Cement and Concrete Research, 38, 757-765, 2008.

Daigle, L., Cusson, D., and Lounis, Z., Extending Service Life of High Performance Concrete Bridge Decks with Internal Curing, International Conference on Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures (CONCREEP 8), 6 pp., 2008.

Deboodt, T., Fu, T., and Ideker, J.H., Durability Assessment of High-Performance Concrete with SRAs and FLWAs, Cement and Concrete Composites, 57, 94-101, 2015.

de Jesus Cano Barrita, F., Bremner, T.W., and Balcom, B.J., Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Study Internal Moist Curing in Concrete Containing Saturated Lightweight Aggregate, ACI SP-218 High-Performance Structural Lightweight Concrete, Eds. J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 155-175, 2004.

de la Varga, I., Castro, J., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Application of Internal Curing for Mixtures Containing High Volumes of Fly Ash, Cement and Concrete Composites, 34 (9), 1001-1008, 2012.

de la Varga, I., Spragg, R.P., di Bella, C., Castro, J., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, J., Fluid Transport in High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures with and without Internal Curing, Cement and Concrete Composites, 45, 102-110, 2014.

Delatte, N., Mack, E., and Cleary, J., Evaluation of High Absorptive Materials to Improve Internal Curing of Low Permeability Concrete, State Job Number 134227, Final Report, March 2007.

Dhir, R.K., Hewlett, P.C., and Dyer, T.C., Influence of Microstructure on the Physical Properties of Self-Curing Concrete, ACI Materials Journal, 93 (5), 465-471, 1996.

Dhir, R.K., Hewlett, P.C., Lota, J.S., and Dyer, T.C., An Investigation into the Feasibility of Formulating Self-Cure Concrete, Materials and Structures, 27 (174), 606-615, 1994.

Di Bella, C., Villani, C., Hausheer, E., and Weiss, J., Chloride Transport Measurements for a Plain and Internally Cured Concrete Mixture, in ACI SP-290, The Economics, Perfomance, and Sustainability of Internally Cured Concrete, Eds. A.K. Schlinder, J.G. Grygar, and W.J. Weiss, American Concrete Institute, CD-RoM, 16 pp., 2012.

Duran-Herrera, A., Aitcin, P.C., and Petrov, N., Effect of Saturated Lightweight Sand Substitution on Shrinkage in 0.35 w/b Concrete, ACI Materials Journal, 104 (1), 48-52, 2007.

Duran-Herrera, A., Mendoza-Rangel, J.M., de los Santos, E.U., Vazquez, F., Valdez, P., and Bentz, D.P., Accelerated and Natural Carbonation of Concretes with Internal Curing and Shrinkage/Viscosity Modifiers, Materials and Structures, 48, 1207-1214, 2015.

Espinoza-Hijazin, G., and Lopez, M., Extending Internal Curing to Concrete Mixtures with W/C Higher than 0.42, Construction and Building Materials, in press, 2010, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.09.031.

Espinoza-Hijazin, G., Paul, A., and Lopez, M., Concrete Containing Natural Pozzolans: New Challenges for Internal Curing, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 981-988, 2012.

Fazhou, W., Yufie, Z., Zhichao, L., and Shuguang, H., Internal Relative Humidity and Autogenous Shrinkage of Low Water/Binder Ratio Concrete, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 51-56, 2006.

Friedemann, K., Stallmach, F., and Karger, J., NMR Diffusion and Relaxation Studies during Cement Hydration- A Non-destructive Approach for Clarification of the Mechanism of Internal Post Curing of Cementitious Materials, Cement and Concrete Research, 36, 817-826, 2006, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2005.12.007.

Friedemann, K., Stallmach, F., Nestle, N., and Karger, J., Internal Post-curing of Hydrating Cement Pastes of High Performance Concretes Studied by Low-field NMR Relaxometry, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 147-155, 2006.

Geiker, M.R., Bentz, D.P., and Jensen, O.M., Mitigating Autogenous Shrinkage by Internal Curing, in ACI SP-218, High Performance Structural Lightweight Concrete, Eds. J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 143-154, 2004.

Golias, M., Weiss, J., and Bentz, D.P., Influence of Exposure Conditions on the Efficiency of Internal Curing in Concrete, Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, 2(1), 12 pp., Sept. 2013.

Hammer, T.A., Bjontegaard, O., and Sellevold, E.J., Internal Curing- Role of Absorbed Water in Aggregates, in ACI SP-218, High Performance Structural Lightweight Concrete, Eds. J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 131-142, 2004.

Hansi, L., Gallias, J.L., and Salomon, M., Influence of the Curing Method on the Durability of High Performance Concretes, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Durability of Concrete, Ed. V.M. Malhotra, ACI SP-145, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 131-155, 1994.

Henkensiefken, R., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Reducing Restrained Shrinkage Cracking in Concrete: Examining the Behavior of Self-Curing Concrete Made using Different Volumes of Saturated Lightweight Aggregates, Proceedings of the 2008 Concrete Bridge Conference, St. Louis, 2008.

Henkensiefken, R., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Saturated Lightweight Aggregate for Internal Curing in Low W/C Mixtures: Monitoring Water Movement Using X-ray Absorption, Strain, July 2009, pp. 1-10.

Henkensiefken, R., Briatka, P., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Plastic Shrinkage Cracking in Internally Cured Mixtures Made with Pre-wetted Lightweight Aggregate, Concrete International, 32 (2), 49-54, 2010.

Henkenseifken, R., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Volume Change and Cracking in Internally Cured Mixtures Made with Saturated Lightweight Aggregate under Sealed and Unsealed Conditions, Cement and Concrete Composites, 31, 427-437, 2009.

Henkenseifken, R., Castro, J., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Water Absorption in Internally Cured Mortar Made with Water-Filled Lightweight Aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research, 39 (10), 883-892, 2009.

Henkenseifken, R., Castro, J., Kim, H., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Internal Curing Improves Concrete Performance throughout Its Life, Concrete InFocus, 8 (5), 22-30, September-October 2009.

Hoff, G.C., The Use of Lightweight Fines for Internal Curing of Concrete, Northeast Solite Corporation, 2002, 44 pp.

Hoff, G.C., Internal Curing of Concrete Using Lightweight Aggregates, in Theodore Bremner Symposium on High-Performance Lightweight Concrete, Eds. J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, Proceedings of the 6th CANMET/ACI International Conference on Durability of Concrete, Thessalonika, Greece, 185-204, 2003.

Holm, T.A., Ooi, O.S., and Bremner, T.W., Moisture Dynamics in Lightweight Aggregate and Concrete, in Theodore Bremner Symposium on High-Performance Lightweight Concrete, Eds. J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, Proceedings of the 6th CANMET/ACI International Conference on Durability of Concrete, Thessalonika, Greece, 167-184, 2003.

Igarashi, S., and Watanabe, A., Experimental Study on Prevention of Autogenous Deformation by Internal Curing using Super-absorbent Polymer Particles, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 77-86, 2006.

Jensen, O.M., and Hansen, P.F., Water-Entrained Cement-Based Materials: I. Principle and Theoretical Background, Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (4), 647-654, 2001.

Jensen, O.M., and Hansen, P.F., Water-Entrained Cement-Based Materials: II. Experimental Observations, Cement and Concrete Research, 32 (6), 973-978, 2002.

Jensen, O.M., and Lura, P., Techniques for Internal Water Curing of Concrete, in Proceedings of the Conference Advances in Cement and Concrete, Eds. D. Lange, K.L. Scrivener, and J.Marchand, Aug. 10-14, (ECI) 67-78, 2003.

Johansen, N.A., Millard, M.J., Mezencevova, A., Garas, V.Y., and Kurtis, K.E., New Method for Determination of Absorption Capacity of Internal Curing Agents, Cement and Concrete Research, 39, 65-68, 2009.

Jones, W., House, M., and Weiss, J., Internal Curing of High Performance Concrete Using Lightweight Aggregates and Other Techniques, Research Report 2014-3, Colorado Department of Transportation, 2014, 129 pages.

Kim, H., and Bentz, D.P., Internal Curing with Crushed Returned Concrete Aggregates, NRMCA Concrete Technology Forum: Focus on Sustainable Development, Denver, May 2008.

Kitsutaka, Y., Tamura, M., Iihoshi, A., and Goto, K., Early-Age Shrinkage Properties of High-Strength Lightweight Aerated Concrete, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Control of Cracking in Early-Age Concrete, Ed. H. Mihashi, Tohoku University, Japan, 199-204, 2000.

Klieger, P., Early High Strength Concrete for Prestressing, Proceedings World Conference on Prestressed Concrete, San Francisco, CA, July 1957, A5-1 to A5-14.

Kohno, K., Okamoto, T., Isikawa, Y., Sibata, T., and Mori, H., Effects of Artificial Lightweight Aggregate on Autogenous Shrinkage of Concrete, Cement and Concrete Research, 29, 611-619, 1999.

Kovler, K., Souslikov, A., and Bentur, A., Pre-soaked Lightweight Aggregates as Additives for Internal Curing of High-Strength Concretes, Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates, 26 (2), 131-138, 2004.

Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Efficiency of Internal Curing with Water-saturated Lightweight Aggregates in Terms of Autogenous Shrinkage Reduction, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 107-115, 2006.

Lam, H., Effects of Internal Curing Methods on Restrained Shrinkage and Permeability, M.Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, 2005. also available as PCA Report SN2620

Lam, H., and Hooton, R.D., Effects of Internal Curing Methods on Restrained Shrinkage and Permeability, in Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 210-228, 2005.PPT presentation

Lee, K.M., Lee, H.K., Lee, S.H., and Kim, G.Y., Autogenous Shrinkage of Concrete Containing Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag, Cement and Concrete Research, 36 (7), 1279-1285, 2006, doi:10.1016/cemconres.2006.01.005.

Lin, Z., and Kishi, T., Volume Changes and Restrained Stress of Lightweight Concrete and Expansive Concrete, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 41-50, 2006.

Lopez, M., Kahn, L.F., and Kurtis, K.E., High-Strength Self-Curing Low-Shrinkage Concrete for Pavement Applications, submitted to International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 2006.

Lopez, M., Kahn, L.F., and Kurtis, K.E., Effect of Internally Stored Water on Creep of High Performance Concrete, ACI Materials Journal, 105 (3), 265-273, 2008.

Lura, P., and van Breugel, K., Moisture Exchange as a Basic Phenomenon to Understand Volume Changes of Lightweight Concrete at Early Age, in PRO 17: Shrinkage of Concrete - Shrinkage 2000, Proceedings of the International RILEM Workshop, Eds. V. Baroghel-Bouny and P.C. Aitcin, Paris, France, RILEM Publications, 533-546, 2000.

Lura, P., Autogenous Deformation and Internal Curing of Concrete, Ph.D. Thesis, Delft Institute of Technology, The Netherlands, 2003.

Lura, P., Bentz, D.P., Lange, D.A., Kovler, K., Bentur, A., and van Breugel, K., Measurement of Water Transport from Saturated Pumice Aggregates to Hardening Cement Paste, in Proceedings of the Conference Advances in Cement and Concrete, Eds. D. Lange, K.L. Scrivener, and J. Marchand, (ECI) 89-100, 2003.

Lura, P., Bentz, D.P., Lange, D.A., Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Pumice Aggregates for Internal Water Curing, PRO36: Proceedings of the International RILEM Symposium on Concrete Science and Engineering - A Tribute to Arnon Bentur, Eds. K. Kovler, J. Marchand, S. Mindess, and J. Weiss, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 137-151, 2004.

Lura, P., van Breugel, K., and Maruyama, I., Autogenous and Drying Shrinkage of High-Strength Lightweight Aggregate Concrete at Early Ages - The Effect of Specimen Size, in PRO23: Early Age Cracking in Cementitious Systems - EAC01, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference, Ed. K. Kovler and A. Bentur, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 335-342, 2002.

Lura, P., and Bisschop, J., On the Origin of Eigenstresses in Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (5), 445-452, 2004.

Lura, P., and van Breugel, K., The Influence of Moisture Flow from the LWA to the Paste on the Early-Age Deformation of LWAC, Proceedings 6th International Symposium on Utilization of High Strength/High Performance Concrete, Vol. 2, Eds. G. Konig, F. Dehn, and T. Faust, Leipzig, Germany, 1149-1160, 2002.

Lura, P., Durand, F., and Jensen, O.M., Autogenous Strain of Cement Pastes with Superabsorbent Polymers, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 57-65, 2006.

Lura, P., Durand, F., Loukili, A., Kovler, K., and Jensen, O.M., Compressive Strength of Cement Pastes and Mortars with Superabsorbent Polymers, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 117-126, 2006.

Mack, E.C., Using Internal Curing to Prevent Concrete Bridge Deck Cracking, M.S. Thesis, Cleveland State University, June 2006.

Maruyama, I., Kanematsu, M., Noguchi, T., Iikura, H., Teramoto, A., and Hayano, H., Evaluation of Water Transfer from Saturated Lightweight Aggregate to Cement Paste Matrix by Neutron Radiography, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605, 159-162, 2009.

Maruyama, I., and Sato, R. A Trial of Reducing Autogenous Shrinkage by Recycled Aggregate, in Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 264-270, 2005.PPT presentation

Mather, B., Self Curing Concrete, Why Not?, Concrete International, 23 (1),46-47, December 2001.

Mechtcherine, V., Dudziak, L., and Schulze, J., Internal Curing by Super Absorbent Polymers (SAP) - Effects on Material Properties of Self-compacting Fibre-reinforced High Performance Concrete, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 87-96, 2006.

Meddah, M.S., and Sato, R., Effect of Curing Methods on Autogenous Shrinkage and Self-Induced Stress of High-Performance Concrete, ACI Materials Journal, 107 (1), 65-74, 2010.

Mezencevova, A., Garas, V., Nanko, H., and Kurtis, K.E., Influence of Thermomechanical Pulp Fiber Compositions on Internal Curing of Cementitious Materials, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering , 24 (8), 970-975, 2012.

Mohr, B.J., Premenko, L., Nanko, H., and Kurtis, K.E., Examination of Wood-Derived Powders and Fibers for Internal Curing of Cement-Based Materials, in Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 229-244, 2005.PPT presentation

Mohr, B.J., Hood, K.L., and Buchanan, G.R., Mitigation of Autogenous Shrinkage in Mortars: Analysis and Modeling of Water Migration and Comparison of Various Internal Curing Materials, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 127-136, 2006.

Monnig, S., and Reinhardt, H.W., Results of a Comparative Study of the Shrinkage Behavior of Concrete and Mortar Mixtures with Different Internal Water Sources, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 67-75, 2006.

Paul, A., and Lopez, M., Assessing Lightweight Aggregate Efficiency for Maximizing Internal Curing, ACI Materials Journal, 108 (4), 385-393, 2011.

Peled, A., Castro, J., and Weiss, J., Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) Examinations of Mortar Made Using Water-Filled Lightweight Aggregate, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2141/2010, 92-101, 2010.

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Pierard, J., Pollet, V., and Cauberg, N., Mitigating Autogenous Shrinkage in HPC by Internal Curing using Superabsorbent Polymers, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 97-106, 2006.

Pour-Ghaz, M., Castro, J., Kladivko, E.J., and Weiss, J., Characterizing Lightweight Aggregate Desorption at High Relative Humidities Using a Pressure Plate Apparatus, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering , 24 (8), 961-969, 2012.

Raoufi, K., Schlitter, J., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Parametric Assessment of Stress Development and Cracking in Internally-Cured Restrained Mortars Experiencing Autogenous Deformations and Thermal Loadings, Advances in Civil Engineering, Vol. 2011, 1-16, 2011.

Reinhardt, H.W., Autogenous and Drying Shrinkage of Hybrid Concrete, Concrete Science and Engineering, 4 (14), 77-83, 2002.

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Roberts, J.W., The 2004 Practice and Potential of Internal Curing of Concrete Using Lightweight Sand, Advances in Concrete Through Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, March 22-24, 2004.

Roberts, J.W., High Performance Concrete, Enhancement through Internal Curing, Concrete InFocus, NRMCA, 55-59, Dec. 2006.

Roberts, J.W., Current and Future Trends in the Application of Internal Curing of Concrete, in Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 197-209, 2005.

Roberts, J.W., Jones, B.W., and Hulsman, J.M., Improving the Durability and Economy of Short and Medium Span Bridges through Internal Curing, 7th International Conference on Short and Medium Span Bridges, Montreal, Canada, August 23-25, 2006.

Sakulich, A.R., and Bentz, D.P., Incorporation of Phase Change Materials in Cementitious Systems via Fine Lightweight Aggregates, Construction and Building Materials, 35, 483-490, 2012.

Sakulich, A.R., and Bentz, D.P., Mitigation of Autogenous Shrinkage in Alkali Activated Slag Mortars by Internal Curing, Materials and Structures, 2012, DOI:10.1617/s11527-012-9978-z.

Sato, R., Tanaka, S., Hayakawa, T., and Tanimura, M., Experimental Studies on Reduction of Autogenous Shrinkage and Its Induced Stress in High-Strength Concrete, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Research Seminar in Lund: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson and G. Fagerlund, Sweden, 163-171, 1999.

Schlitter, J.L., Senter, A.H., Bentz, D.P., Nantung, T., and Weiss, W.J., Development of a Dual Ring Test for Evaluating Residual Stress Development of Restrained Volume Change, Journal of ASTM International, 7 (9), 13 pp., 2010.

Schlitter, J.L., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Quantifying Stress Development and Remaining Stress Capacity in Restrained, Internally Cured Mortars, ACI Materials Journal, 110 (1), 3-12, 2013.

Schlitter, J., Henkensiefken, R., Castro, J., Raoufi, K., and Weiss, J., Development of Internally Cured Concrete for Increased Service Life, Final Report, FHWA/IN/JTRP-2010/10, Joint Transportation Research Program, 2010.

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Schwesinger, P., and Sickert, G., Reducing Shrinkage in HPC by Internal Curing Using Presoaked LWA, in Proceedings of International Workshop on Control of Cracking in Early-Age Concrete, Tohoku University, Japan, 313-318, 2000.

Sickert, G., Schwesinger, P., and Haza-Radlitz, G., Creep, Shrinkage, and Creep Recovery of HPLWA-Concrete, Bauhaus-University Weimar, Germany, 2002.

Siriwatwechakul, W., Siramanont, J., and Vichit-Vadakan, W., Behavior of Superabsorbent Polymers in Calcium and Sodium-Rich Solutions, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering , 24 (8), 976-980, 2012.

Snyder, K.A., Bentz, D.P., and Davis, J.M., Using Viscosity Modifiers to Reduce Effective Diffusivity in Mortars, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 1017-1024, 2012.

Takada, K., van Breugel, K., Koenders, E.A.B., and Kaptijn, N., Experimental Evaluation of Autogenous Shrinkage of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, in Proceedings of International Workshop on Autogenous Shrinkage of Concrete, Ed. E. Tazawa, Hiroshima, Japan, JCI, 221-230, 1998.

Trtik, P., Munch, B., Weiss, W.J., Kaestner, A., Jerjen, I., Josic, L., Lehmann, E., and Lura, P., Release of Internal Curing Water from Lightweight Aggregates in Cement Paste Investigated by Neutron and X-ray Tomography, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A, 2011.

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Weber, S., and Reinhardt, H., A Blend of Aggregates to Support Curing of Concrete, in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Eds. I. Holand, T.A. Hammer, and F. Fluge, Sandefjord, Norway, 662-671, 1995.

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Weber, S., and Reinhardt, H.W., Various Curing Methods Applied to High- Performance Concrete with Natural and Blended Aggregates, in 4th International Symposium on Utilization of High-strength/High-performance Concrete, Paris, 1295-1303, 1996.

Weber, S., and Reinhardt, H.W., Manipulating the Water Content and Microstructure of High Performance Concrete Using Autogenous Curing, Modern Concrete Materials: Binders, Additions, and Admixtures, Eds. R.K. Dhir and T.D. Dyer, Thomas Telford, London, 567-577, 1999.

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Weiss, W.J., Di Bella, C., and Bentz, D.P., Improving Concrete Bridge Decks with Internal Curing, Concrete Bridge Views, 69, Jan/Feb. 2013.

Wyrzykowski, M., Gawin, D., Pesavento, F., and Lura, P., Multi-scale Modeling of Autogenous Strains of an Internally Cured Cementitious Material, Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 137-146, 2006.

Wyrzykowski, M., Lura, P., Pesavento, F., and Gawin, D., Modeling of Water Migration during Internal Curing with Superabsorbent Polymers, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 1006-1016, 2012.

Zhang, J., Dong Han, Y., Gao, Y., and Luosun, Y., Integrative Study on the Effect of Internal Curing on Autogenous and Drying Shrinkage of High-Strength Concrete, Drying Technology, 31, 565-575, 2013.

Zhutovsky, S., Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Assessment of Water Migration Distance in Internal Curing of High-Strength Concrete, ACI SP-220 Autogenous Deformation of Concrete, Eds. O.M. Jensen, D.P. Bentz, and P. Lura, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 181-198, 2004.

Zhutovsky, S., Influence of Wet Lightweight Aggregate on Autogenous Curing of High Strength Concrete, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel, 2001.

Zhutovsky, S., Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Influence of Cement Paste Matrix Properties on the Autogenous Curing of High-Performance Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (5), 499-507, 2004.

Zhutovsky, S., Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Influence of Wet Lightweight Aggregate on Mechanical Properties of Concrete at Early Ages, Materials and Structures, 35, 97-101, 2002.

Zhutovsky, S., Kovler, K., and Bentur, A., Influence of Wet Lightweight Aggregate on Autogenous Shrinkage of Concrete at Early Ages, in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability Mechanics of Concrete and Other Quasi-Brittle Materials, Eds. F.-J. Ulm, Z.P. Bazant, and F.H. Wittmann, Cambridge, USA, Elsevier, 697-702, 2001.


For more information, contact:

Mr. Dale Bentz
dale.bentz@nist.gov

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