Dale P. Bentz - Research Interests and Publications


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Mailing Address

Mr. Dale P. Bentz
Chemical Engineer
Materials and Structural Systems Division
Engineering Laboratory
100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8615
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Gaithersburg, MD  20899-8615   USA
(301) 975-5865
FAX: (301) 990-6891
E-mail: dale.bentz@nist.gov

Research Interests

REACT:Reducing Early-Age Cracking Today
Internal Curing
Internal Curing

S map with internal curing and VERDiCT

Diffusion reduction

VERDiCT: Viscosity Enhancers Reducing in Concrete Technology


Fire Resistive Materials
Fire Resistive Materials


Recent (and not so recent) Publications

Bentz, D.P., Ardani, A., Barrett, T., Jones, S.Z., Lootens, D., Peltz, M.A., Sato, T., Stutzman, P.E., Tanesi, J., and Weiss, W.J., Multi-Scale Investigation of the Performance of Limestone in Concrete, submitted to Construction and Building Materials, 2014.

Bentz, D.P., Guthrie, W.S., Jones, S.Z., and Martys, N.S., Predicting Service Life of Steel-Reinforced Concrete Exposed to Chlorides: A discussion of real-world considerations for effective modeling, Concrete International, 36 (9), 55-64, 2014. Link to publication.

Spragg, R.P., Villani, C., Weiss, J., Poursaee, A., Jones, S., Bentz, D.P., and Snyder, K.A., Surface and Uniaxial Electrical Measurements on Layered Cementitious Composites having Cylindrical and Prismatic Geometries, in 4th International Conference on the Durability of Concrete Structures, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, July 24-26, 317-326, 2014.

Jones, S., Martys, N., Lu, Y., and Bentz, D., Simulation Studies of Methods to Delay Corrosion and Increase Service Life for Cracked Concrete Exposed to Chlorides, submitted to Cement and Concrete Composites, 2014.

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., and Ahmed, A., Anticipating the Setting Time of High-Volume Fly Ash Concretes Using Electrical Measurements: Feasibility Studies Using Pastes, ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001065.

Spragg, R., Bu, Y., Snyder, K., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Electrical Testing of Cement-Based Materials: Role of Testing Techniques, Sample Conditioning, and Accelerated Curing, Publication FHWA/IN/JTRP-2013/28. Joint Transportation Research Program, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 2013. doi: 10.5703/1288284315230.

Bentz, D.P., Activation Energies of High-Volume Fly Ash Ternary Blends: Hydration and Setting, Cement and Concrete Composites, 53, 214-223, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2014.06.018.

De la Varga, I., Spragg, R.P., Di Bella, C., Castro, J., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, J., Fluid Transport in High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures with and without Internal Curing, Cement and Concrete Composites, 45, 102-110, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.09.017.

Farnam, Y., Bentz, D.P., Sakulich, A., Flynn, D., and Weiss, W.J., Measuring Freeze and Thaw Damage in Mortars Containing Deicing Salt Using a Low Temperature Longitudinal Guarded Comparative Calorimeter and Acoustic Emission (AE-LGCC), Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, 3 (1), 23 pp., 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/ACEM20130095.

Bentz, D.P., Ferraris, C.F., and Snyder, K.A., Best Practices Guide for High-Volume Fly Ash Concretes: Assuring Properties and Performance, NIST Technical Note 1812, U.S. Department of Commerce, September 2013.

Duran-Herrera, A., Mendoza-Rangel, J.M., De-Los-Santos, E.U., Vazquez, F., Valdez, P., and Bentz, D.P., Accelerated and Natural Carbonation of Concretes with Internal Curing and Shrinkage/Viscosity Modifiers, Materials and Structures, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-013-0226-y.

Bentz, D.P., Tanesi, J., and Ardani, A., Ternary Blends for Controlling Cost and Carbon Content, Concrete International, 35 (8), 51-59, 2013.

Weiss, J., Snyder, K., Bullard, J., and Bentz, D., Using a Saturation Function to Interpret the Electrical Properties of Partially Saturated Concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 25 (8), 1097-1106, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000549.

Bentz, D.P., Davis, J.M., Peltz, M.A., and Snyder, K.A., Influence of Internal Curing and Viscosity Modifiers on Resistance to Sulfate Attack, Materials and Structures, 47 (4), 581-589, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-013-0081-x.

Golias, M., Weiss, J., and Bentz, D., Influence of Exposure Conditions on the Efficiency of Internal Curing in Concrete, Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, 2 (1), 12 pp., Sept. 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/ACEM20120023.

Schlitter, J.L., Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Quantifying Stress Development and Remaining Stress Capacity in Restrained, Internally Cured Mortars, ACI Materials Journal, 110 (1), 3-12, 2013.

Sakulich, A.R., and Bentz, D.P., Mitigation of Autogenous Shrinkage in Alkali Activated Slag Mortars by Internal Curing, Materials and Structures, 46, 1355-1367, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9978-z.

Pang, X., Bentz, D.P., Meyer, C., Funkhouser, G.P., and Darbe, R., A Comparison Study of Portland Cement Hydration Kinetics as Measured by Chemical Shrinkage and Isothermal Calorimetry, Cement and Concrete Composites, 39, 23-32, 2013.

Tanesi, J., Bentz, D.P., and Ardani, A., Enhancing High Volume Fly Ash Concretes Using Fine Limestone Powder, in ACI SP-294: Advances in Green Binder Systems, October 2013.

Lu, Y., Garboczi, E.J., Bentz, D.P., and Davis, J.M., Modeling Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: A 3-D Image-Based Microstructure Simulation, Proceedings of the 2012 COMSOL conference, Boston, MA (winner of a best paper award for the conference).

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., Lu, Y., Martys, N., Sakulich, A.R., and Weiss, W.J., Modeling of the Influence of Transverse Cracking on Chloride Penetration into Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, 38, 65-74, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.03.003.

Weiss, W.J., DiBella, C., and Bentz, D.P., Improving Concrete Bridge Decks with Internal Curing, Concrete Bridge Views, 69, Jan/Feb 2013.

De la Varga, I., Castro, J., Bentz, D., and Weiss, W.J., Application of Internal Curing for Mixtures Containing High Volumes of Fly Ash, Cement and Concrete Composites, 34 (9), 1001-1008, 2012.

Sakulich, A.R., and Bentz, D.P., Incorporation of Phase Change Materials in Cementitious Systems Via Fine Lightweight Aggregate, Construction and Building Materials, 35, 483-490, 2012.

Weiss, W.J., Bentz, D.P., Schlinder, A., and Lura, P., Internal Curing: Constructing More Robust Concrete, Structure, 10-14, January 2012.

Bentz, D.P., Barrett, T., De la Varga, I., and Weiss, W.J., Relating Compressive Strength to Heat Release in Mortars, Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, 1 (1), 14 pp., Sept. 2012.

Bentz, D.P., Forster, A., Rice, K., and Riley, M., Thermal Properties and Thermal Modeling of Ballistic Clay Box, NISTIR 7840, U.S. Department of Commerce, December 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Stutzman, P.E., Sakulich, A., and Weiss, W.J., Study of Early-Age Bridge Deck Cracking in Nevada and Wyoming , NISTIR 7841, U.S. Department of Commerce, January 2012.

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., Peltz, M.A., Obla, K., and Kim, H., Viscosity Modifiers to Enhance Concrete Performance, ACI Materials Journal, 110 (5), 495-502, 2013.

Snyder, K.A., Bentz, D.P., and Davis, J.M., Using Viscosity Modifiers to Reduce Effective Diffusivity in Mortars, ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 1017-1024, 2012.

Sakulich, A.R., and Bentz, D.P., Increasing the Service Life of Bridge Decks by Incorporating Phase-Change Materials to Reduce Freeze-Thaw Cycles, ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24 (8), 1034-1042, 2012.

Gurney, L., Bentz, D.P., Sato, T., and Weiss, W.J., Reducing Set Retardation in High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures with the Use of Limestone: Improving Constructability for Sustainability, Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2290, Concrete Materials 2012, 139-146, 2012.

Castro, J., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Effect of Sample Conditioning on the Water Absorption of Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites , 33 (8), 805-813, 2011.

Sant, G., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Capillary Porosity Depercolation in Cement-Based Materials: Measurement Techniques and Factors which Influence their Interpretation, Cement and Concrete Research, 41 (8), 854-864, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Duran-Herrera, A., and Galvez-Moreno, D., Comparison of ASTM C311 Strength Activity Index Testing vs. Testing Based on Constant Volumetric Proportions, Journal of ASTM International, 9 (1), 7 pp., 2012.

Bentz, D.P., Sato, T., De la Varga, I., and Weiss, W.J., Fine Limestone Additions to Regulate Setting in High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures, Cement and Concrete Composites, 34 (1), 11-17, 2012.

Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., Internal Curing: A 2010 State-of-the-Art Review, NISTIR 7765, U.S. Department of Commerce, February 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Ferraris, C.F., and Filliben, J.J., Optimization of Particle Sizes in High Volume Fly Ash Blended Cements, NISTIR 7763, U.S. Department of Commerce, February 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Hansen, A.S., and Guynn, J.M., Optimization of Cement and Fly Ash Particle Sizes to Produce Sustainable Concretes, Cement and Concrete Composites, 33 (8), 824-831, 2011.

Schlitter, J.L., Senter, A.H., Bentz, D.P., Nantung, T., and Weiss, W.J., Development of a Dual Ring Test for Evaluating Residual Stress Development of Restrained Volume Change, Journal of ASTM International, 7 (9), 13 pp., 2010.

Guthrie, W.S., Nolan, C.D., and Bentz, D.P., Effect of Initial Timing of Scarification and Overlay Treatment on Chloride Concentrations in Concrete Bridge Decks, Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2220 Maintenance and Preservation of Structures and Equipment, 66-74, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Ferraris, C.F., Galler, M.A., Hansen, A.S., and Guynn, J.M., Influence of Particle Size Distributions on Yield Stress and Viscosity of Cement-Fly Ash Pastes, Cement and Concrete Research, 42 (2), 404-409, 2012.

Bentz, D.P., Bognacki, C.J., Riding, K.A., and Villarreal, V.H., Hotter Cements, Cooler Concretes, Concrete International, 33 (1), 41-48, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Critical Observations for the Evaluation of Cement Hydration Models, International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics, 2 (3), 75-82, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Ferraris, C.F., De la Varga, I., Peltz, M.A., and Winpigler, J., Mixture Proportioning Options for Improving High Volume Fly Ash Concretes, Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Sustainable Concrete Pavements: Practices, Challenges, and Directions, Sacramento, CA, Sept. 2010 pp. 223-237, and published in International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 3 (5), 234-240, 2010.

Sant, G., Eberhardt, A., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Influence of Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures on Moisture Absorption in Cementitious Materials at Early Ages, ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 22 (2), 277-286, 2010.

Duran-Herrera, A., Juarez, C.A., Valdez, P., and Bentz, D.P., Evaluation of Sustainable High-Volume Fly Ash Concretes, Cement and Concrete Composites, 33 (1), 39-45, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., Peltz, M.A., Duran-Herrera, A., Valdez, P., and Juarez, C.A., Thermal Properties of High-Volume Fly Ash Mortars and Concretes, Journal of Building Physics, 34 (3), 263-275, 2011.

Bentz, D.P., and Ferraris, C.F., Rheology and Setting of High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures, Cement and Concrete Composites, 32 (4), 265-270, 2010.

Bentz, D.P., Powder Additions to Mitigate Retardation in High Volume Fly Ash Mixtures, ACI Materials Journal, 107 (5), 508-514, 2010.

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., and Peltz, M.A., Doubling the Service Life of Concrete Structures. II: Performance of Nanoscale Viscosity Modifiers in Mortars, Cement and Concrete Composites, 32 (3), 187-193, 2010.

Henkensiefken, R., Castro, J., Kim, H., Bentz, D., and Weiss, J., Internal Curing Improves Concrete Performance throughout Its Life, Concrete Infocus, 8 (5), 22-30, September-October 2009.

Henkensiefken, R., Briatka, P., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Plastic Shrinkage Cracking in Internally Cured Mixtures Made with Pre-wetted Lightweight Aggregate, Concrete International, 32 (2), 49-54, 2010.

Henkensiefken, R., Castro, J., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Water Absorption in Internally Cured Mortar Made with Water-Filled Lightweight Aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research, 39, 883-892, 2009.

Henkensiefken, R., Bentz, D., Nantung, T., and Weiss, J., Volume Change and Cracking in Internally Cured Mixtures Made with Saturated Lightweight Aggregates under Sealed and Unsealed Conditions, Cement and Concrete Composites, 31 (7), 426-437, 2009.

Sumanasooriya, M.S., Bentz, D.P., Neithalath, N., Predicting the Permeability of Pervious Concretes from Planar Images, 2009 NRMCA Concrete Technology Forum, Cincinnati, OH, May 2009.

Bentz, D.P., Early Age Cracking Review: Mechanisms, Material Properties, and Mitigation Strategies, report prepared for Cementitious Barriers Partnership, CBP-TR-2009-002-C3, November 2009.

Bentz, D.P., Hanssen, L.M., and Wilthan, B., Thermal Performance of Fire Resistive Materials III. Fire Test on a Bare Steel Column, NISTIR 7576, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 2009.

Bentz, D.P., Blending Different Fineness Cements to Engineer the Properties of Cement-Based Materials, Magazine of Concrete Research, 62 (5), 327-338, 2010. winner of 2010 Magazine of Concrete Research best paper award.

Bentz, D.P., Irassar, E.F., Bucher, B., Weiss, W.J., Limestone Fillers to Conserve Cement in Low w/cm Concretes: An Analysis Based on Powers' Model, Concrete International, 31 (11), 41-46, 2009 and 31 (12), 35-39, 2009.Pdf versions of Part I and Part II.

Bentz, D.P., and Haecker, C.-J.,X-ray Microtomography Studies of Air-Void Instability and Growth during Drying of Tile Adhesive Mortars, NISTIR 7532, U.S. Department of Commerce, November 2008.

Bentz, D.P., "Fire Resistive Materials: Thermal Barriers between Fires and Structures", Thermal Conductivity 30/Thermal Expansion 18, Eds. D.S. Gaal and P.S. Gaal, 108-119, 2010.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., White, C.C., Prasad, K.R., Flynn, D.R., Hunston, D.L., and Tan, K.T., A Materials Science-Based Approach to Characterizing Fire Resistive Materials, Journal of ASTM International, 6 (5), 2009.

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., Martys, N., Snyder, K.A., Guthrie, W.S., Kyritsis, K., and Neithalath, N., "Virtual Testing of Concrete Transport Properties," in Modeling as a Solution to Concrete Problems, Ed. J. Tanesi, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 15-26, 2009.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Internal Curing Using Lightweight Aggregates on Interfacial Transition Zone Percolation and Chloride Ingress in Mortars," Cement and Concrete Composites, 31 (5), 285-289, 2009.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Peltz, M.A., Snyder, K.A., and Davis, J.M., "VERDiCT: Viscosity Enhancers Reducing Diffusion in Concrete Technology," Concrete International, 31 (1), 31-36, 2009.pdf version.

Kyritsis, K., Hall, C., Bentz, D.P., Meller, N., and Wilson, M.A., Relationship Between Engineering Properties, Mineralogy, and Microstructure in Cement-Based Hydroceramic Materials Cured at 200-350 C, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 92 (3), 694-701, 2009.

Bentz, D.P., and Weiss, W.J., "REACT: Reducing Early-Age Cracking Today," Concrete Plant International, Vol. 3, 56-62, June 2008.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Peltz, M.A., and Winpigler, J., "Early-Age Properties of Cement-Based Materials: II. Influence of Water-to-Cement Ratio," ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 21 (9), 512-517, 2009. pdf version

Prasad, K.R., and Bentz, D.P., "Thermal Performance of Fire Resistive Materials II. A Multi-Layer One-Dimensional Heat Transfer Model for Fire Resistive Materials Protecting a Substrate," NISTIR 7482, U.S. Department of Commerce, February 2008. pdf version

Kim, H., and Bentz, D.P., "Internal Curing with Crushed Returned Concrete Aggregates," in NRMCA Technology Forum: Focus on Sustainable Development, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., Cass, L.C., and Peltz, M.A., "Doubling the Service Life of Concrete. I: Reducing Ion Mobility Using Nanoscale Viscosity Modifiers," Cement and Concrete Composites, 30 (8), 674-678, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Aitcin, P.-C., "The Hidden Meaning of Water-to-Cement Ratio," Concrete International, 30 (5), 51-54, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Peltz, M.A., "Reducing Thermal and Autogenous Shrinkage Contributions to Early-Age Cracking," ACI Materials Journal, 105 (4), 414-420, 2008.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Sant, G., and Weiss, W.J., "Early-Age Properties of Cement-Based Materials: I. Influence of Cement Fineness," ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 20 (7), 502-508, 2008.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Haecker, C.-J., Peltz, M.A., and Snyder, K.A., "X-ray Absorption Studies of Drying of Cementitious Tile Adhesive Mortars," Cement and Concrete Composites, 30, 361-373, 2008.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Stutzman, P.E., "Internal Curing and Microstructure of High Performance Mortars," ACI SP-256, Internal Curing of High Performance Concretes: Laboratory and Field Experiences, D. Bentz and B. Mohr, Eds., 81-90, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Gaal, P.S., and Stroe Gaal, D., "Further Progress in the Development of a Slug Calorimeter for Evaluating the Apparent Thermal Conductivity of Fire Resistive Materials,"Thermal Conductivity 29/Thermal Expansion 17, Eds. J.R. Koenig and H. Ban, 403-411, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Engineering Concrete Performance: Comparing Chemical and Physical Options for Producing Desired Properties," Concrete International, 29 (11), 33-37, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Martys, N.S., "A Stokes Permeability Solver for Three-Dimensional Porous Media," NISTIR 7416, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 2007. pdf version

Do, C.T., Bentz, D.P., and Stutzman, P.E., "Microstructure and Thermal Conductivity of Hydrated Calcium Silicate Board Materials," Journal of Building Physics, 31 (1), 55-67, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Prasad, K.R., "Thermal Performance of Fire Resistive Materials I. Characterization with Respect to Thermal Performance Models," NISTIR 7401, U.S. Department of Commerce, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Virtual Pervious Concrete: Microstructure, Percolation, and Permeability," ACI Materials Journal, 105 (3), 297-301, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., and Turpin, R., "Potential Applications of Phase Change Materials in Concrete Technology," Cement and Concrete Composites, 29 (7), 527-532, 2007. pdf version Bibliography of phase change materials in building technology.

Bentz, D.P., "A Virtual Rapid Chloride Permeability Test", Cement and Concrete Composites, 29 (10), 723-731, 2007.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures on Early-Age Properties of Cement Pastes," Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 4 (3), 423-429, 2006. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Internal Curing of High Performance Blended Cement Mortars," ACI Materials Journal, 104 (4), 408-414, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P.M., Grader,A.S., and Roberts, J.W., "Four-dimensional X-ray Microtomography Study of Water Movement during Internal Curing," Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference - Volume Changes of Hardening Concrete: Testing and Mitigation, Eds. O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, and K. Kovler, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 11-20, 2006.pdf version Powerpoint presentation

Bentz, D.P., "A Review of Early-Age Properties of Cement-Based Materials,", in Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Montreal, 2007, and Cement and Concrete Research, 38 (2), 196-204, 2008. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Verification, Validation, and Variability of Virtual Standards," 12th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Montreal, 2007, PPT presentation, pdf version.

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P., Grader, A., and Roberts, J.W., "Water Movement during Internal Curing: Direct Observation Using X-ray Microtomography," Concrete International, 28 (10), 39-45, 2006.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Transient Plane Source Measurements of the Thermal Properties of Hydrating Cement Pastes," Materials and Structures, 40 (10), 1073-1080, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Capillary Porosity Depercolation/Repercolation in Hydrating Cement Pastes via Low Temperature Calorimetry Measurements and CEMHYD3D Modeling," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 89 (8), 2606-2611, 2006. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Combination of Transient Plane Source and Slug Calorimeter Measurements to Estimate the Thermal Properties of Fire Resistive Materials," ASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation 35 (3), 240-244, 2007.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Low Temperature Calorimetry Studies of Hydrating Portland Cement Pastes, NISTIR 7267, U.S. Department of Commerce, October 2005. (pdf version)

Bentz, D.P., "Lithium, Potassium, and Sodium Additions to Cement Pastes," Advances in Cement Research, 18 (2), 65-70, 2006.

Bentz, D.P., "Curing with Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures: Beyond Drying Shrinkage Reduction," Concrete International, 27 (10), 55-60, 2005. (pdf version)

Bentz, D.P., "CEMHYD3D: A Three-Dimensional Cement Hydration and Microstructure Development Modeling Package. Version 3.0," NISTIR 7232, Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, June 2005. (pdf version)

Bentz, D.P., Koenders, E.A.B., Mönnig, S., Reinhardt, H.-W., van Breugel, K., and Ye, G., "Materials Science-Based Models in Support of Internal Water Curing," in RILEM Report 41 Internal Curing of Concrete Eds. K. Kovler and O.M. Jensen, RILEM Publications S.A.R.L., 29-43, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Measurement and Microstructure-Based Modeling of the Thermal Conductivity of Fire Resistive Materials," Thermal Conductivity 28/Thermal Expansion 16, Eds. R.B. Dinwiddle, M.A. White, and D.L. McElroy, DesTech Publications, Inc., Lancaster, PA, 161-170, 2006.

Bentz, D.P. and Stutzman, P.E., "Curing, Hydration, and Microstructure of Cement Paste," ACI Materials Journal, 103(5), 348-356, 2006.pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Capitalizing on Self-Desiccation for Autogenous Distribution of Chemical Admixtures in Concrete," Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar on Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Lund University (2005), pp. 189-196. pdf version.

Bentz, D.P., "Cement Hydration: Building Bridges and Dams at the Microstructure Level," Proceedings of the Knud Hojgaard Conference on Advanced Cement-Based Materials: Research and Testing Eds. O.M. Jensen, M. Geiker, and H. Stang, 135-146 (2006) and Materials and Structures, 40 (4), 397-404, 2007. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Alkalis on Porosity Percolation in Hydrating Cement Pastes," Cement and Concrete Composites, 28 (5), 427-431, 2006. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., "Modeling the Influence of Limestone Filler on Cement Hydration Using CEMHYD3D," Cement and Concrete Composites, 28 (2), 124-129, 2006. pdf verison

Bentz, D.P., Flynn, D.R., Kim, J.H. and Zarr, R.R., "A Slug Calorimeter for Evaluating the Thermal Performance of Fire Resistive Materials," Fire and Materials, 30, 257-270, 2006. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P.M., Clarke, M.N., Garboczi, E.J., and Grader, A.S., "Microstructure and Materials Science of Fire Resistive Materials," Proceedings of ASCE/SEI Spring 2005 Structures Congress, New York, 2005.

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Water-to-Cement Ratio on Hydration Kinetics: Simple Models Based on Spatial Considerations," Cement and Concrete Research, 36 (2), 238-244, 2006. (pdf version)

Bentz, D.P., Prasad, K.R., Yang, J.C., "Towards a Methodology for the Characterization of Fire Resistive Materials with Respect to Thermal Performance Models," Fire and Materials, 30, 311-321, 2006. pdf version

Bentz, D.P., Replacement of "Coarse" Cement Particles by Inert Fillers in Low w/c Ratio Concretes II: Experimental Validation," Cement and Concrete Research, 35 (1), 185-188, 2005.

Garboczi, E.J., Bullard, J.W. and Bentz, D.P., "Virtual Testing of Cement and Concrete−USA 2004," Concrete International 26 (12), 33-37, 2004.

Snyder, K.A. and Bentz, D.P., "Suspended hydration and loss of freezable water in cement pastes exposed to 90 % relative humidity," Cement and Concrete Research 34 (11), 2045-2056, 2004.

Bentz, D.P., "Quantitative Comparison of Real and CEMHYD3D Model Microstructures Using Correlation Functions," Cement and Concrete Research, 36 (2), 259-263, 2006 pdf version.

Bentz, D.P., Lura, P., and Roberts, J.W., "Mixture Proportioning for Internal Curing," Concrete International, 27 (2), 35-40, 2005, winner of the 2007 ACI Wason Medal for Materials Research.pdf version

Feng, X., Garboczi, E.J., Bentz, D.P., Stutzman, P.E. and Mason, T.O., "Estimation of the degree of hydration of blended cement pastes by a scanning electron microscopy point-counting procedure," Cement and Concrete Research, 34 (10), pp. 1787-1793, 2004.

Geiker, M.R., Bentz, D.P. and Jensen, O.M., "Mitigating Autogenous Shrinkage by Internal Curing," High-Performance Structural Lightweight Concrete, American Concrete Institute Special Publication 218, J.P. Ries and T.A. Holm, eds., 143-154, 2004.

Lura, P., Bentz, D.P., Lange, D.A., Kovler, K. and Bentur, A., "Pumice Aggregates for Internal Water Curing," Concrete Science and Engineering: A Tribute to Arnon Bentur, Proceedings of the International RILEM Symposium, Evanston, IL, March 22-24, 2004, pp. 137-151, 2004. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Haecker, C.J., Feng, X.P. and Stutzman, P.E., "Prediction of cement physical properties by virtual testing," Process Technology of Cement Manufacturing. Proceedings of the Fifth International VDZ Congress, Dusseldorf, Germany, September 23-27, 2002, 53-63, 2003 and Cement International, 1 (3) 86-92, 2003. (PDF Version)

Lura, P., Bentz, D.P., Lange, D.A., Kovler, K. Bentur, A., and van Breugel, K., "Measurement of Water Transport from Saturated Pumice Aggregates to Hardening Cement Paste," Proceedings. Advances in Cement and Concrete. Engineering Conferences International. Copper Mountain, CO, August 10-14, 2003, pp. 89-99, 2003. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Curing Conditions on Water Loss and Hydration in Cement Pastes with and without Fly Ash Substitution," National Institute of Standards and Technology Internal Report 6886, July 2002. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Ehlen, M.A., Ferraris, C.F. and Winpigler, J.A., "Service Life Prediction Based on Sorptivity for Highway Concrete Exposed to Sulfate Attack and Freeze-Thaw Conditions," Federal Highway Administration Publication No. FHWA-RD-01-162, 62 pages, 2002. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Mizell, S., Satterfield, S., Devaney, J., George, W., Ketcham, P., Graham, J., Porterfield, J., Quenard, D., Vallee, F., Sallee, H., Boller, E., and Baruchel, J., "The Visible Cement Data Set," Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 107 (2), 137-148, 2002. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Geiker, M., and Jensen, O.M., "On the Mitigation of Early Age Cracking," in: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology III, Eds: B. Persson and G. Fagerlund, Lund University, 2002.

Richardson, J.M., Biernacki, J.J., Stutzman, P.E., and Bentz, D.P., "Stoichiometry of slag hydration with calcium hydroxide," Journal of the American Ceramic Society 85 (4), 947-953, 2002. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Jensen, O.M., "Mitigation Strategies for Autogenous Shrinkage Cracking," Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (6), 677-685, 2004.

Remond, S., Bentz, D.P., and Pimienta, P., "Effect of the incorporation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration fly ash in cement pastes and mortars II: Modeling," Cement and Concrete Research, 32 (4), 565-576, 2002. (PDF Version)

Remond, S., Pimienta, P., and Bentz, D.P. "Effects of the incorporation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration fly ash in cement pastes and mortars I: Experimental study," Cement and Concrete Research, 32 (2), 303-311, 2002.

Garboczi, E.J. and Bentz, D.P., "The effect of statistical fluctuation, finite size error, and digital resolution on the phase percolation and transport properties of the NIST cement hydration model," Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (10), 1501-1514, 2001. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Ehlen, M.A., Ferraris, C.F., Garboczi, E.J., "Sorptivity-Based Service Life Predictions for Concrete Pavements," Proceedings. 7th International Conference on Concrete Pavements, Orlando, Florida, September 9-13, 181-193, 2001. (PDF Version)

Marchand, J., Bentz, D.P., Samson, E., and Maltais, Y., "Influence of Calcium Hydroxide Dissolution on the Transport Properties of Hydrated Cement Systems," in Materials Science of Concrete: Calcium Hydroxide in Concrete (American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, 2001), pp. 113-129. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Geiker, M.R., and Hansen, K.K., "Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures and Early Age Desiccation in Cement Pastes and Mortars," Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (7), 1075-1085, 2001. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Forney, G.P., "User's Guide to the NIST Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory. Version 1.0," NISTIR 6583, U.S. Department of Commerce, November 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Conway, J.T., "Computer Modeling of the Replacement of "Coarse" Cement Particles by Inert Fillers in Low w/c Ratio Concretes: Hydration and Strength," Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 503-506, 2001. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "A Computer Model to Predict the Surface Temperature and Time-of-Wetness of Concrete Pavements and Bridge Decks," NISTIR 6551, U.S. Department of Commerce, August 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Hansen, K.K., Madsen, H.D., Vallee, F., and Griesel, E.J., "Drying/Hydration in Cements Pastes During Curing," Materials and Structures, 34, 557-565, 2001. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Feng, X., Haecker, C.-J., Stutzman, P.E., "Analysis of CCRL Proficiency Cements 135 and 136 Using CEMHYD3D," NISTIR 6545, U.S. Department of Commerce, August 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "CEMHYD3D: A Three-Dimensional Cement Hydration and Microstructure Development Modelling Package. Version 2.0," NISTIR 6485, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Jensen, O.M., Hansen, K.K., Olesen, J.F., Stang, H., and Haecker, C.J., "Influence of Cement Particle Size Distribution on Early Age Autogenous Strains and Stresses in Cement-Based Materials," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 84 (1), 129-135, 2001. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Hansen, K.K., "Preliminary Observations of Water Movement in Cement Pastes During Curing Using X-ray Absorption," Cement and Concrete Research, 30 (7), 1157-1168, 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Influence of Silica Fume on Diffusivity in Cement-Based Materials. II. Multi-Scale Modeling of Concrete Diffusivity," Cement and Concrete Research, 30 (7), 1121-1129, 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Jensen, O.M., Coats, A.M. and Glasser, F.P., "Influence of Silica Fume on Diffusivity in Cement-Based Materials. I. Experimental and Computer Modeling Studies on Cement Pastes," Cement and Concrete Research, 30 953-962, 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Quenard, D.A., Kunzel, H.M., Baruchel, J., Peyrin, F., Martys, N., and Garboczi, E.J., "Microstructure and Transport Properties of Porous Building Materials. II: Three-Dimensional X-ray Tomographic Studies," Materials and Structures, 33, 147-153, 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Fibers, Percolation, and Spalling of High Performance Concrete," ACI Materials Journal, 97 (3), 351-359, 2000. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., Haecker, C.J., and Jensen, O.M., "Effects of Cement Particle Size Distribution on Performance Properties of Portland Cement-Based Materials," Cement and Concrete Research, 29 (10), 1663-1671, 1999. (PDF Version)

Hansen, K.K., and Bentz, D.P., "Studies of Hydration and Drying in Cement Pastes by Scanning X-Ray Absorptiometry," Workshop: Water in Cement Paste and Concrete-Hydration and Pore Structure. Proceedings. The Nordic Concrete Federation. October 7-8, 1999, Skagen, Denmark, 107-114, 1999. ((PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Stutzman, P.E., Haecker, C.J., and Remond, S., "SEM/X-ray Imaging of Cement-Based Materials," Proceedings of the 7th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Building Materials, Eds: H.S. Pietersen, J.A. Larbi, and H.H.A. Janssen, Delft University of Technology, 1999, pp. 457-466. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Snyder, K.A., "Protected Paste Volume in Concrete: Extension to Internal Curing Using Saturated Lightweight Fine Aggregate," Cement and Concrete Research, 29 (11), 1863-1867, 1999. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Effects of Cement PSD on Porosity Percolation and Self-Desiccation," in: Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology II, Eds: B. Persson and G. Fagerlund, Lund University, 1999, pp. 127-134. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., and Snyder, K.A., "A Hard Core/Soft Shell Microstructural Model for Studying Percolation and Transport in Three-Dimensional Composite Media," NISTIR 6265, U.S. Department of Commerce, January 1999. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P. and Haecker, C.J., "An Argument for Using Coarse Cements in High Performance Concretes," Cement and Concrete Research, 29 (4), 615-618, 1999. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Modelling Cement Microstructure: Pixels, Particles, and Property Prediction," Materials and Structures, 32, 187-195, 1998. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., and Quenard, D.A., "Modelling Drying Shrinkage in Reconstructed Porous Materials: Application to Porous Vycor Glass," Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineeering, 6, 211-236, 1998. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Waller, V., and De Larrard, F., "Prediction of Adiabatic Temperature Rise in Conventional and High-Performance Concretes Using a 3-D Microstructural Model," Cement and Concrete Research, 28 (2), 285-297, 1998. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Remond, S., "Incorporation of Fly Ash into a 3-D Cement Hydration Microstructure Model," NISTIR 6050, U.S. Department of Commerce, August 1997. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Three-Dimensional Computer Simulation of Portland Cement Hydration and Microstructure Development," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 80 (1), 3-21, 1997 winner of 1997 Brunaeur best paper award from Cements Division. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., and Lagergren, E.S., "Multi-Scale Microstructural Modelling of Concrete Diffusivity: Identification of Significant Variables," Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates, 20 (1), 129-139, 1998. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "Guide to Using CEMHYD3D: A Three-Dimensional Cement Hydration and Microstructure Development Modelling Package," NISTIR 5977, U.S. Department of Commerce, February 1997. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Clifton, J.R., and Snyder, K.A., "Predicting Service Life of Chloride-Exposed Steel-Reinforced Concrete," Concrete International, 18 (12), 42-47, 1996. (PDF version)

Bentz, D.P., Snyder, K.A., and Stutzman, P.E., "Hydration of Portland Cement: The Effects of Curing Conditions," Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Sweden, 1997. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., "A Three-Dimensional Cement Hydration and Microstructure Program. I. Hydration Rate, Heat of Hydration, and Chemical Shrinkage," NISTIR 5756, U.S. Department of Commerce, November 1995. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Quenard, D.A., Baroghel-Bouny, V., Garboczi, E.J., and Jennings, H.M., "Modelling Drying Shrinkage of Cement Paste and Mortar Part 1. Structural Models from Nanometres to Millimetres," Materials and Structures, 28, 450-458, 1995. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., and Stutzman, P.E., "Evolution of Porosity and Calcium Hydroxide in Laboratory Concretes Containing Silica Fume," Cement and Concrete Research, 24 (6), 1044-50, 1994. (PDF version)

Bentz, D.P., and Martys, N.S., "Hydraulic Radius and Transport in Reconstructed Model Three-Dimensional Porous Media," Transport in Porous Media, 17 (3), 221-238, 1995. (PDF version)

Garboczi, E.J., and Bentz, D.P., "Modelling of the Microstructure and Transport Properties of Concrete," Construction and Building Materials, 10 (5), 293-300, 1996. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Detwiler, R.J., Garboczi, E.J., Halamickova, P., and Schwartz, L.M., "Multi-Scale Modelling of the Diffusivity of Mortar and Concrete," RILEM International Conference on Chloride Intrusion into Concrete, 85-94, 1995.

Bentz, D.P., Coveney, P.V., Garboczi, E.J., Kleyn, M.F., and Stutzman, P.E., "Cellular Automaton Simulations of Cement Hydration and Microstructure Development," Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 2 (4), 783-808, 1994.

Bentz, D.P., Hwang, J.T.G., Hagwood, C., Garboczi, E.J., Snyder, K.A., Buenfeld, N., and Scrivener, K.L., "Interfacial Zone Percolation in Concrete: Effects of Interfacial Zone Thickness and Aggregate Shape," MRS Proceedings, Vol. 370, Microstructure of Cement-Based Systems/ Bonding and Interfaces in Cementitious Materials, 437-442, 1995. (PDF Version)

Bentz, D.P., Garboczi, E.J., Jennings, H.M, and Quenard, D.A., "Multi-Scale Digital-Image-Based Modelling of Cement-Based Materials," MRS Proceedings, Vol. 370, Microstructure of Cement-Based Systems/ Bonding and Interfaces in Cementitious Materials, 33-42, 1995. (PDF Version)


Last Revised 09/10/14